Tutankhamun 49.487792, 8.462605
Tutanchamun war ein altägyptischer König der Dynastie, der etwa von 13v. Chr. regierte. Bekannt wurde er, als Howard Carter im Tal der Könige sein nahezu ungeplündertes Grab entdeckte. t in the Restauration Stele of Tutankhamun. In: Göttinger Miszellen. , Göttingen , S. Robert B. Partridge: Tutankhamun's Gold Coffin: An Ancient. The huge exhibition TUTANKHAMUN – HIS TOMB AND HIS TREASURES offers you a once-in-a-lifetime insight into the archaeology of ancient Egypt. Go on a. The Archaeologists and Egyptian Government Officials at the Examination of Tutankhamun's Mummy Giclee Print. Find art you love and shop high-quality art. English: Tutankhamun named Tutankhaten early in his life, was Pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt ( BC/ BC - BC).
English: Tutankhamun named Tutankhaten early in his life, was Pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt ( BC/ BC - BC). The huge exhibition TUTANKHAMUN – HIS TOMB AND HIS TREASURES offers you a once-in-a-lifetime insight into the archaeology of ancient Egypt. Go on a. King Tutankhamun: The Treasures of the Tomb | Hawass, Zahi | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch.
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Tutankhamun Media in category "Tutankhamun"Weitere wichtige Grabbeigaben sind die Wilde Schar mumifizierten Frühgeburten. Tutankhamen had the condition. Tutankhamun : His Tomb and its Treasures. Neues Reich. This controversial question has now been settled and his age definitely fixed between the limitsof Bulgarien KriminalitГ¤t or 19 years of age". Auf: drhawass.
Tutankhamun VideoThe Mystery of Tutankhamun's Gold: Egypt Detectives (Ancient Egypt Documentary) - Timeline
Tutankhamun's second year as pharaoh began the return to the old Egyptian order. Both he and his queen removed 'Aten' from their names, replacing it with Amun and moved the capital from Akhetaten to Thebes.
He renounced the god Aten, relegating it to obscurity and returned Egyptian religion to its polytheistic form. His first act as a pharaoh was to remove his father's mummy from his tomb at Akhetaten and rebury it in the Valley of the Kings.
This helped strengthen his reign. Tutankhamun rebuilt the stelae, shrines and buildings at Karnak. He added works to Luxor as well as beginning the restoration of other temples throughout Egypt that were pillaged by Akhenaten.
The country was economically weak and in turmoil following the reign of Akhenaten. Diplomatic relations with other kingdoms had been neglected, and Tutankhamun sought to restore them, in particular with the Mitanni.
Evidence of his success is suggested by the gifts from various countries found in his tomb. Despite his efforts for improved relations, battles with Nubians and Asiatics were recorded in his mortuary temple at Thebes.
His tomb contained body armor, folding stools appropriate for military campaigns, and bows, and he was trained in archery. Given his age, the king probably had advisers which presumably included Ay who succeeded Tutankhamun and General Horemheb , Ay's possible son in law and successor.
Horemheb records that the king appointed him "lord of the land" as hereditary prince to maintain law.
He also noted his ability to calm the young king when his temper flared. In his third regnal year Tutankhamun reversed several changes made during his father's reign.
He ended the worship of the god Aten and restored the god Amun to supremacy. The ban on the cult of Amun was lifted and traditional privileges were restored to its priesthood.
The capital was moved back to Thebes and the city of Akhetaten was abandoned. The sphinxes were originally made for Akhenaten and Nefertiti; they were given new ram heads and small statues of the king.
The traditional festivals were now celebrated again, including those related to the Apis Bull , Horemakhet , and Opet. His Restoration Stela erected in front of Karnak temple says:.
Their shrines were deserted and overgrown. Their sanctuaries were as non-existent and their courts were used as roads If anyone made a prayer to a god for advice he would never respond".
A building called the Temple-of-Nebkheperure-Beloved-of-Amun-Who-Puts-Thebes-in-Order, which may be identical to a building called Temple-of-Nebkheperre-in-Thebes, a possible mortuary temple, used recycled talatat from Akhenaten's east Karnak Aten temples indicating that the dismantling of these temples was already underway.
The sphinx avenue was completed by his successor Ay and the whole was usurped by Horemheb. The Restoration Stele was usurped by Horemheb; pieces of the Temple-of-Nebkheperure-in-Thebes were recycled into Horemheb's own building projects.
In January Tutankhamun's mummy was CT scanned. The results showed that Tutankhamun had a partially cleft hard palate and possibly a mild case of scoliosis.
The team discovered DNA from several strains of the parasite, indicating that he was repeatedly infected with the most severe strain of malaria.
His malaria infections may have caused a fatal immune response in the body or triggered circulatory shock. This injury being the result of modern damage was ruled out based on the ragged edges of the fracture; modern damage features sharp edges.
Embalming substances were present within the fracture indicating that it was associated with an open wound; no signs of healing were present.
There are no surviving records of the circumstances of Tutankhamun's death; it has been the subject of considerable debate and major studies.
Murder by a blow to the head was theorised as a result of the x-ray which showed two bone fragments inside the skull.
The inter-cranial bone fragments were determined to be the result of the modern unwrapping of the mummy as they are loose and not adherent to the embalming resin.
The absence of both the collar and chest wall was noted in the x-ray  and further confirmed by the CT scan.
Three separate teams — Egyptian, French, and American — worked separately to approximate the face of the boy king. While the Egyptian and French teams knew their subject was Tutankhamun, the American team worked blind.
All teams produced very similar results, but it was that of the French team that was ultimately cast in silicone. Tutankhamun was buried in a tomb that was unusually small considering his status.
His death may have occurred unexpectedly, before the completion of a grander royal tomb, causing his mummy to be buried in a tomb intended for someone else.
This would preserve the observance of the customary 70 days between death and burial. The location of the tomb was lost because it had come to be buried by debris from subsequent tombs, and workers' houses were built over the tomb entrance.
The concession rights for excavating the Valley of the Kings was held by Theodore Davis from until In that time he had unearthed ten tombs including the nearly intact but non-royal tomb of Queen Tiye's parents, Yuya and Tjuyu.
As he continued working there in the later years, he uncovered nothing of major significance. He believed this to be the pharaoh's lost tomb and published his findings as such with the line; "I fear the Valley of the Tombs is exhausted".
The Earl of Carnarvon and Carter had hoped this would lead to their gaining the concession when Davis gave it up but had to be satisfied with excavations in different parts of the Theban necropolis for seven more years.
After a systematic search, beginning in , Carter discovered the actual tomb of Tutankhamun KV62 in November A day and time were selected to unseal the tomb with about twenty appointed witnesses that included Lord Carnarvon, several Egyptian officials, museum representatives and the staff of the Government Press Bureau.
On 17 February at just after two o'clock, the seal was broken. There were 5, items found in the tomb, including a solid gold coffin, face mask , thrones, archery bows, trumpets , a lotus chalice , food, wine, sandals, and fresh linen underwear.
Howard Carter took 10 years to catalog the items. On 4 November , 85 years to the day after Carter's discovery, Tutankhamun's mummy was placed on display in his underground tomb at Luxor , when the linen-wrapped mummy was removed from its golden sarcophagus to a climate-controlled glass box.
The case was designed to prevent the heightened rate of decomposition caused by the humidity and warmth from tourists visiting the tomb.
While the closure was originally planned for five years to restore the walls affected by humidity, the Egyptian revolution set the project back.
The tomb re-opened in February For many years, rumors of a " curse of the pharaohs " probably fueled by newspapers seeking sales at the time of the discovery  persisted, emphasizing the early death of some of those who had entered the tomb.
The most prominent was George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon , who died on 5 April , five months after the discovery of the first step leading down to the tomb on 4 November The cause of Carnarvon's death was pneumonia supervening on [facial] erysipelas a streptococcal infection of the skin and underlying soft tissue.
His doctor recommended a warmer climate so in the Carnarvons traveled to Egypt where the Earl became interested in Egyptology.
A study showed that of the 58 people who were present when the tomb and sarcophagus were opened, only eight died within a dozen years;  Howard Carter died of lymphoma in at the age of Kinnaman who died in , 39 years after the event.
Tutankhamun's fame is primarily the result of his well-preserved tomb and the global exhibitions of his associated artifacts.
As Jon Manchip White writes, in his foreword to the edition of Carter's The Discovery of the Tomb of Tutankhamun , "The pharaoh who in life was one of the least esteemed of Egypt's Pharaohs has become in death the most renowned".
The discoveries in the tomb were prominent news in the s. Tutankhamen came to be called by a modern neologism , "King Tut". President Herbert Hoover.
Tutankhamun's artifacts have traveled the world with unprecedented visitorship. With the ending of that conflict, the Louvre Museum in Paris was quickly able to arrange an exhibition of Tutankhamun's treasures through Christiane Desroches Noblecourt.
The French exhibit drew 1. Noblecourt had also convinced the Egyptian Minister of Culture to allow British photographer George Rainbird to re-photograph the collection in color.
The new color photos as well as the Louvre exhibition began a Tutankhamun revival. In the Tutankhamun exhibit traveled to Tokyo, Japan where it garnered more visitors than the future New York exhibit in The exhibit was held at the Kyoto Municipal Museum of Art with almost 1.
The blockbuster attraction exceeded all other exhibitions of Tutankhamun's treasures for the next 60 years. This exhibition was first shown in London at the British Museum from 30 March until 30 September More than 1.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art organized the U. More than eight million attended. In , Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities, in partnership with Arts and Exhibitions International and the National Geographic Society, launched a tour of Tutankhamun treasures and other 18th Dynasty funerary objects, this time called Tutankhamun and the Golden Age of the Pharaohs.
It featured the same exhibits as Tutankhamen: The Golden Hereafter in a slightly different format. It was expected to draw more than three million people but exceeded that with almost four million people attending just the first four tour stops.
The exhibition visited Australia for the first time, opening at the Melbourne Museum for its only Australian stop before Egypt's treasures returned to Cairo in December The exhibition included 80 exhibits from the reigns of Tutankhamun's immediate predecessors in the 18th dynasty, such as Hatshepsut , whose trade policies greatly increased the wealth of that dynasty and enabled the lavish wealth of Tutankhamun's burial artifacts, as well as 50 from Tutankhamun's tomb.
The exhibition did not include the gold mask that was a feature of the — tour, as the Egyptian government has decided that damage which occurred to previous artifacts on tours precludes this one from joining them.
In it was announced that the largest collection of Tutankhamun artifacts, amounting to forty percent of the entire collection, would be leaving Egypt again in for an international tour entitled; "King Tut: Treasures of the Golden Pharaoh".
The exhibit featured one hundred and fifty gold coins, along with various pieces of jewelry, sculpture and carvings, as well as the renowned gold mask of Tutankhamun.
Promotion of the exhibit filled the streets of Paris with posters of the event. The full international tour ends with the opening of the new Grand Egyptian Museum in Cairo where the treasures will be permanently housed.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see King Tut disambiguation. Tutankhamun's golden mask. Royal titulary. See also: Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt family tree.
Main article: Tutankhamun's mummy. Main article: KV Further information: Exhibitions of artifacts from the tomb of Tutankhamun.
Tutankhamun ascending family history. The probability that the man interred in KV55 is the father of Tutankhamun was equally as great.
Lockwood Press. In Osing, J. University College London. Retrieved 5 August Leprohon 30 April SBL Press. Collins English Dictionary.
These linen gloves, woven with a scale pattern of alternating red and blue bands, may have been worn by Tutankhamun in the cool Memphis winter, the area he lived much of his life.
They may also have been worn while driving chariots out in the desert, to better grip the leather reins. The other remains neatly folded.
A pair was among the gifts that Akhenaten granted to the chief of his chariotry, Ay. A scene depicting this gifting appears in the tomb created for Ay at Amarna.
The vessels you see here are formed of calcite, also known as Egyptian alabaster, a commonly-used material as it was soft and could be carved into elaborate forms.
The vessels held scented unguents and oils with which the king would have been anointed. Its contents, a fatty substance, would have been more valuable to the thieves than the vessel itself.
Palm ribs form the decoration on either side of this vase. Between the ribs and the vase are floral forms — a clump of papyrus growing from a lily flower.
These two plants; papyrus and lily represent Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, respectively. These curiously shaped wooden boxes contained food provisions for the afterlife; beef— the most highly prized protein source in ancient Egypt—as well as the meat of goats and sheep including cuts of rib, joints, and a beef tongue.
Staples of poultry; duck and goose, were also provided. Elsewhere in the tomb Carter found twenty-six jars of wine, an abundance of honey, fruit, nuts, seeds, and spices, and the staple of all Egyptian social classes, bread.
The abundance of food in the tomb would have ensured that he continue to do so in the afterlife. Carter found four almost identical torch holders standing on one of the ritual beds in the Antechamber.
Torches with wicks of linen were used to light the palace. They were also used to help workmen see in the dark depths of tombs.
Besides their practical use, torches also served magical functions. Torches were also placed on the magical bricks that were inserted into the niches of burial chamber walls.
In one example, human arms reach out from the bronze ankh to hold a linen wick. Suggestions range from a sandal strap to a ceremonial girdle.
Thirty-five model boats were found in the tomb. From the Early Dynastic Period onward, boats were important elements of royal funerary kit.
At Giza, two huge boats of imported cedar wood, complete with cabins and steering oars, were dismantled and buried in pits next to the Great Pyramid.
Recent study has proven that they represent the two solar boats: the night barque mesektet and the day barque mandjet. By the New Kingdom, the burial of actual boats had been replaced by models, such as the one shown here.
He can be imagined occupying the built-in throne, where Re would also sit. The coffinettes resemble the much larger coffins which held the body.
The king appears in the form of the mummy Osiris, wearing the nemes headdress with the patron goddesses of Upper and Lower Egypt on his forehead.
These goddesses, Wadjet and Nekhbet, also appear with feathered wings wrapped around the torso of the king.
A feathered pattern known as rishi covers the lower half of the body. In the left hand, he holds the flail, and in the right, the crook, two ancient scepters of kingship that appear in the hands of Osiris.
Each organ was considered under the special protection of one of the goddesses and one of the four sons of Horus, who are sometimes referred to as funerary genii.
Heroglyphic inscriptions of spells run down the coffinette lid. During the New Kingdom, the other three organs and their divine guardians were lungs, Nephthys and Hapy; stomach, Neith and Duamutef; and intestines, Selket and Qebehsenuef.
This shrine sits atop a sledge covered with silver. Within was a rectangular ebony base for a statue.
What happened to the statuette is unknown, and it is even speculated that there never was one at all. It could be that the footprints were enough to indicate the presence of the king, now transformed into a divinity.
The scenes on the doors and the outer faces of the walls are dedicated to Queen Ankhesenamun attending to her husband. On the doors, she raises her hands in worship of the king, offers him bouquets, shakes a sistrum a ceremonial rattle or supports him while walking.
On the right side panels, she accompanies him on bird-hunting expeditions. In one, she helpfully passes Tutankhamun his next arrow. In a third scene, the queen again supports him as they walk.
The left side shows the royal couple in four scenes of a more obviously ritual nature. His tomb is more significant than his short reign.
Tutankhamun helped restore traditional Egyptian religion and art, both of which had been set aside by his predecessor, Akhenaten.
He issued a decree restoring the temples, images, personnel, and privileges of the old gods. He began the protracted process of restoring the sacred shrines of Amon , which had been severely damaged.
Tutankhamun died at age Some scholars identify these remains as those of Smenkhkare , who seems to have been coregent with Akhenaton in the final years of his reign; others have suggested the mummy may be Akhenaton himself.
By his third regnal year Tutankhaten had abandoned Tell el-Amarna and moved his residence to Memphis , the administrative capital, near modern Cairo.
He changed his name to Tutankhamun and issued a decree restoring the temples, images, personnel, and privileges of the old gods.
In addition to a palace built at Karnak and a memorial temple in western Thebes , both now largely vanished, the chief extant monument of Tutankhamun is the Colonnade of the Temple of Luxor , which he decorated with reliefs depicting the Opet festival, an annual rite of renewal involving the king, the three chief deities of Karnak Amon, Mut , and Khons , and the local form of Amon at Luxor.
Tutankhamun unexpectedly died in his 19th year. In scientists found traces of malaria parasite s in his mummified remains and posited that malaria in combination with degenerative bone disease may have been the cause of death.
Whatever the case, he died without designating an heir and was succeeded by Ay. He was buried in a small tomb hastily converted for his use in the Valley of the Kings his intended sepulchre was probably taken over by Ay.
Like other rulers associated with the Amarna period—Akhenaton, Smenkhkare, and Ay—he was to suffer the posthumous fate of having his name stricken from later king lists and his monuments usurped, primarily by his former general, Horemheb, who subsequently became king.